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Income and child well-being: a new perspective on the poverty debate.

by David P. Ross and Paul Roberts (1999)

In Part I of this report, the authors examined 27 elements of child development including family functioning, neighbourhood safety, aggression, health status, math and vocabulary scores, and participation in sports or clubs. They found that the level of family income plays a crucial role in the child development process: in 80 per cent of the variables examined, the risks of negative child outcomes and the likelihood of poor living conditions were noticeably higher for children living in families with annual incomes below $30,000.

In Part II of this report, the authors discuss the relationship between poverty lines and children's development.