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Psychosocial predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption among elementary school children.

Abstract: A self-efficacy questionnaire for fruit and vegetable consumption (F&V) among fourth and fifth grade students was developed, pilot tested with 140 students from one school and field tested with 252 students from two schools. The questionnaire include 34 items generated by inventorying behaviours targeted for change in the F&V school curriculum. Preferences were the only significant predictors off fruits and total F&V consumption, as well as the main predictor of vegetable consumption. Nutrition education programs which target preferences may be more effective in increasing F&V consumption among elementary school children than programs which target self-efficacy and outcome expectations. However, since preferences accounted for only small proportions of the variances, further research should consider such issues as availability.