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Reducing the incidence of sexually transmitted disease through behavioural and social change

"Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) pose a threat to the general health, well-being, and reproductive capacity of a sizeable number of Canadians. Individual STD risk varies according to age, sex, ethnicity, and geographic location. This paper addresses the behavioural and social changes that may lead to a reduction in the incidence of STDs in Canada. Canadian research on number of sexual partners, age of first intercourse, condom use, and the availability and use of STD diagnostic and treatment facilities is reviewed. Increasing condom use and access to STD diagnostic and treatment facilities are identified as the most efficacious targets for effective STD prevention programming. Surveillance, research, policy and program needs are identified." (abstract)

[entered 10/23/98 OHPE #77.2]