Men's lifestyle habits are a national major public health problem, cause increased morbidity and mortality rates, and cost billions of dollars annually. Knowledge of a healthy lifestyle's determinants and their relationships could be used to design and test effective intervention strategies that could change lifestyle behavior and
enhance men's health. Health promotion is a major nursing concern but few studies have been conducted to validate theoretical health-promoting determinants in working men. This study's purpose was to determine the extent to which perceived health status, self-efficacy, motivation, and selected demographic variables were
related to health-promoting behavior (H-PB) in men. Results demonstrated that men with moderate to high perceived health status, self-efficacy, and motivation acknowledged spousal input concerning health, partially relied on their spouses for health responsibility, and practiced H-PB more than men with different characteristics. Future research should include qualitatively studying marriage's effects on men's motivation to practice H-PB, men's approach to H-PB, and further HPLP testing and revision for a more culturally and socioeconomically relevant instrument.
Self-rated health status, self-efficacy, motivation, and selected demographics as determinants of health-promoting lifestyle behavior in men 35 to 64 years old: a nursing investigation