Effectiveness of Approaches to Communicate Alcohol-related Health Messaging
Canada's Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines (LRADGs) were released across Canada in November 2011 to help Canadians moderate their alcohol consumption and reduce both short- and long-term alcohol-related harms. However, there has been limited analysis of how to effectively communicate the new LRADGs to consumers.
This report describes evidence from reviews regarding the effectiveness of social marketing and health communication strategies for disseminating alcohol-related health messaging for specific populations and settings.
Findings from the available review-level evidence suggest that different populations and settings require different approaches to communicate alcohol-based health messaging. Public health can benefit from applying current social marketing practices and systematic health communication processes to ensure messaging is effectively communicated and understood.
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Evidence Brief: Neighbourhood walkability and physical activity in urban areas
The World Health Organization’s physical activity guidelines recommend that adults do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity (e.g. brisk walking) per week.
Public policies are attempting to address this issue through community-level environmental changes that aim to increase physical activities such as active transportation. With the goal of informing such policies, research has increasingly focussed on neighbourhood walkability as a modifiable aspect of the environment that may influence physical activity behaviour.
This Evidence Brief asks: Is neighbourhood walkability associated with transport walking, leisure-time physical activity, or total physical activity among non-rural residents who work/attend school?
Evidence Brief: Effects of inadequate sleep on the health of 0-19 year olds
Adequate sleep is known to play an important role in the health and well-being of children and youth.
The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in USA recommends 16 to 18 hours a day for newborns, 11 to 12 hours a day for pre-school aged children, at least 10 hours a day for school-aged children and nine to 10 hours a day for teens and seven to eight hours a day for adults.2 However, a US national survey of children under 10 years old showed the mean number of hours children slept at night for infants, toddlers, preschoolders, and school aged children were only 9.0, 9.8, 9.6, and 9.4 hours, respectively.
This Evidence Brief asks: What are the impacts of inadequate sleep on the whole child? What are the effects of strategies or interventions to promote adequate sleep as a preventative measure for overweight/obesity?