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Measuring Economic Well-Being of Rural Canadians Using Income Indicators. (2001)

Information presented in this paper showed that rural families had lower incomes than urban counterparts with Atlantic and Quebec incomes relatively lower and Ontario and British Columbia incomes relatively higher. Rural areas tended to have fewer families with low incomes when figures were adjusted for cost-of-living but more families with low incomes when calculation was based on the national median income adjusted for family size.